Project Overview

LGSS - Community empowerment to enable education

The objective of this project is to empower the community for ensuring quality and relevant primary education in Kairo block of Lohardaga district in Jharkand.

  • Implementing NGO: Lohardaga Gram Swarajya Sansthan
  • Location: Kairo Block, Lohardaga District, Jharkhand
  • Target Area: 26 villages with 46 schools
  • Target Area Population: 36,993
  • # of Beneficiaries: 10,131
  • Start Year//End Year: 2011/TBD
  • Current Budget: $10,339 [2012/13]
  • Past Funding: None

The project area in the Lohardaga district in the state of Jharkhand is located in a cluster of  villages in the Kairo block of 6473 households with a total population of 36,993. This is a tribal dominated block, where about 68% of the population comes from the Oraon tribes. The cluster of 26 villages is situated about 4-15 km from the block headquarters and 20-28 kms from the district headquarters of Lohardaga and is connected by motorable roads.

The Lohardaga district has 354 villages spread over 67 Gram Panchayats. Lohardaga is the only town in the district. This region has a number of small hill blocks covered with forests. About 90% of the total population in the district is dependent on agriculture. The main crop is rice followed by millets (marua, gondli and maize), pulses, wheat, oil seeds (Sarguja and groundnuts) and vegetables. Only 33% of the tribal population is literate. There are 2 colleges, one teacher’s training school, 19 high schools and 149 primary schools in the district.  While the Oraon is the major tribe in the district, other tribes are Asur, Birijia etc. still intent on preserving their traditional culture.

The Kairo Block is significantly underdeveloped and the schools are ineffective, marred by low attendance from children and teacher alike. In almost all schools only 40% of the teachers are qualified and 60% of the teachers are Shiksha Volunteers.  The Anganwadi centers function only for 1-2 hours per day and close the centers after the food has been distributed. There is no coordination between the community and the teachers to raise the the attendance and interest-level of the children to attend school on regular basis. So far the community has seen midday meals and nutritious food as the one key benefit for the school-going children. There is no appreciation for the broader benefits of early learning and education. The VECs are defunct in all schools because teachers do not encourage the existence of such independent bodies overseeing the management of schools. There are persistent incidences of mismanagement of funds by the VEC president and by the teachers. In those schools that do show good attendance levels, student teacher ratio is so skewed that the process is no longer effective.  This situation becomes worse with teacher absenteeism.

No of Blocks 1 No of Anganwadi Centres covered63
No of Panchayats6No of children enrolled in Anganwadi centers2424
No of Villages26No of Anganwadi workers associated with the centers63
Total Population Covered31,24No of Mothers committees54
Total Household Covered5,292No of School Management committees44

No of Bal Sansads 44

Issues/ problems


Activities and Methodology

Time Period


Expected Outcome

Source of Verification



Intervention with Anganwadi Centres (AWC-  Pre Schools)

Poor Attendance in AW Centres (AWCs)

Ensure all children get benefited under ICDS pre school program

Attendance monitoring in 59 AWCs.

Educate Mothers on the need for pre school education


AWC’s status improved

80% attendance of children in 59 AWCs

Children are enjoying attending AWC regularly.

Learning level among children increased

Habit to sit and learn developed among the children.




Progress report attendance

Poor motivation level among AW Workers 

To bring clarity and develop common understanding on teaching methodology.

Two days training on Teaching Methodology. 

2 days in August

59 workers and 59 helpers will participate  


75% AW workers have adopted the learned methodology

Joy full environment emerged in AWCs

AW workers are more focused on their responsibilities

Teaching learning materials used properly



TLM used

Irregular or  no participation of Mothers in AWC Management

To create awareness among the mothers on the importance and services of anganwari centres

Help in conducting regular monthly meetings.


At least 6-8 mothers committee meetings in all 59 AWCs.

70% mothers are visiting AWC regularly.

70% mothers are participating in meeting

They are aware about the schemes and services of AWCs.

They are helping in sending their children regularly.

Meeting registers

Attendance Register 

Lack of Awareness on the duties and responsibilities of Mother Committees

- Motivate and provide right knowledge to monitor the AWCs.

Mothers Committee Orientation at GP level

August Sept   



6 GP level programmes attended by at least 200 mothers and community  leaders

Mothers will have the motivation and purpose to come to the meetings.

They will observe how the centre is run and help in attendance monitoring.

Meeting Minutes, Reports

Attendance records

Intervention with Schools

·      No people’s participation on decision making on a collective method

·      Non realization of roles and responsibilities of SMCs members


VEC/ SMC capacity Building.


Orientation of School Management Committees at 6GP level  2 times a year.



Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

37 SMCs members

At least 200 members will take part

·   80% trained SMCs members become vibrant and active to address the issues of education, school management.

·   60% of the SMCs members given training started to monitor schools in their own village regularly.


Training report


·      Lack of Educational Environment

To create a favorable environment villages and joyful learning process

Teaching /Play  Materials to Schools


37 schools

·      Joyful learning environment created in 37 Schools towards Education 

·      Level of learning increased among the children

·      Attendance of children increased

Available/used materials

Attendance of children

IEC materials,


37 Schools

·      Favorable environment created in 26 villages toward, Education, mother and children health, social evils among the community..


Displayed materials

·      Lack of awareness on education of CBOs/SHGs


To build/bring  awareness among the CBOs on RTE, Child Rights, Quality Education

Orientation of SHGS / CBO / Community members

2 days






200 members

·   Understanding of office bearers of the SHGs on child rights and quality and relevant education enhanced  

 Involvement of the office bearers of the SHGs on Child Development,

·   Qualitative improvement of education and need of relevant education enhanced


Training report,  photo graphs, Participant list, paper cutting

Non functional SMCs

To make SMCs functional.

Help in Conducting Regular Monthly meetings of SMCs.


37 SMCs

70% SMCs are functional.

They are holding regular SMC meeting.

SMCs minute books


·      School drop out children


To enrolled and retained the dropout children

1. Identify out of school children through survey.


2. Re enrollment of drop outs


One time activities

362 drop outs.

80% drop out children are re-enrolled and retained

Re-enrolled children are attending class regularly

Parents are sending their children regularly.

Parents are visiting schools time to tme

List of dropouts

List of enrolled children,

Attendance register

·      Poor learning Level among Children

To identify the learning level of children

Conduct Learning Level assessment of children

Half yearly for the primary and middle school children 

37 primary  middle school children

Parents, teachers, SMCs and govt are aware of the learning level.

Action taken by the teachers and education department to improve the level of learning.


Status report

·      No scope for child participation in school or at village level

To ensure children participation in school management and quality improvement

Formation and promotion of Bal Sansad



Regular basis

26 Village level Bal Sansad in 26 villages formed and children will be organized in form of bal Sansad

Bal Sansad are working properly, all ministers are performing their roles and responsibility as per need and requirement of school. This also helps in conducive environment in favour of education/quality education. 

Minute book


No. of Members

Lack of awareness among community members on need for education child health, Nutrition, etc,


Formation and strengthening meeting of SHGs , CBOs


Regular monthly community Meetings.



Regular basis

26 SHGs are formed and 260 women are directly involved in educational development process.

396 members are directly associated with us in 33 villages. They will play organized role in stopping the liquor consumption and sending their children to school in time and providing the additional support to their children for better education in addition to saving and credit. They will visit their school regularly


Minute book


No. of Members


Need for Activating Government departments for better service delivery

To ensure timely service delivery in schools

Meeting with Govt. official on regular interval block level


Project staff and community members will visit govt. official

Good relation developed with govt department

Report, Photographs

Participant list

Lack of participation of GP members in Education  programme

To ensure the participation of PRIs in educational development

Training and workshop of PRIs and Gram Sabha on Child Rights and RTE Act

2 days 2 batches

2 PRIs members x 26 = 52  are aware on Child Rights issues and RTE Act

 PRIs members, Teachers, VEWC members are helping in proper implementation of educational activities

Training report,  photo graphs, Participant list, paper cutting

Need for Activating Government departments for better service delivery

To advocate and sensitize govt. official on present status of education


District Level Convergence meeting

1 day


30 participants (Govt and Non govt.Org and PRI members)

The govt. and non govt. organization take appropriate action on lack of facility.

Report, Photographs

Participant list

Staff Capacity Building

To develop common understanding on project objectives, activities, implementation process and project outcome among the project team

Identify staff capacity building needs.

Organize Capacity Building Trainings/ Orientations.

4 days

All 5 project staff

Project staff have clear understanding on project objectives, activities, implementation process and project outcome.

They are implementing project activities smoothly

They maintaining related project document properly.


Report, Photographs

Daily diary

ILP’s partnering NGO for this project is Lohardaga Gram Swarajya Sansthan(LGSS).  This organization has a grass-roots style and is committed to the philosophy of transferring ownership of its efforts to the community who are the ultimate stakeholders.   LGSS believes that the people must take ownership and sustain their efforts for the long term in order to address mismanagement. Each citizen in the village is entitled to efficient service from the government.

LGSS was founded in 1992 by Mr. C P Yadhav who holds a diploma in Basics of Rural Engineering (1992) from  Bihar Institute of Rural Development Ranchi and a Post Graduate Degree  in Rural Development from IGNOU.    LGSS has implemented numerous programs for this district in education, women's empowerment, advocacy and adult literacy.

To be updated soon.


Total No.

June 2011


(As of March 2012)

Achievement in %

Progress with Anganwadi Centers (AWC's)

Total no. AWCs opening on time




Total no. AWCs having regular attendance of children




% improvement in the attendance of the children in AWCs





Total no. of AWCs  premises are properly maintained




Total no of Mothers committee holding meeting on AWCS on regular basis.




% of members attendance in Mothers committee meetings





% of mothers visiting AWCs on regular basis




Total no. of AWCs providing qualitative preschool education.63 2327%
Total no. MC’s leaders trained on the MC’s function, role & responsibilities, meeting and book keeping aspect.18310753%

Progress with Schools


Total no.


(As of March 2012)

Achievement in %

Total no of schools opening and closing on regular basis





% improvement in the attendance of the children in




Total no. of schools having teaching and play materials.





Total no. of schools developed Kitchen Garden





Total no. Of school where the children have developed TLM





Total no. of SMCs holding meeting on regular basis





Total no of SMCs members participating in the SMCs meeting




Total no. of drop out identified & re-enrolled  by the project





Total no. of school conducted learning level exercise 


Total no of school assessed children through these exercise


Total no. of Bal Sansad holding meeting on regular basis


Total no. Of Bal Sansad saving money on regular basis

Progress with High Schools

Awareness camps conducted for high school children on

  • Right to Education (RTE) and quality education
  • Health Issues
  • HIV Aids
  • Declining sex ratio in Jharkand

  • In Sarave, the Anganwadi center's distribution of nutritious food was irregular. The children were  not receiving mid day meals according to the prescribed menu. The Anganwadi worker (AWW) was also not using the teaching and learning materials available in the center. Smt. Sunita Devi President of Mothers committees (MC) intervened and with the support of the MC members she  instructed the Aganwadi Sevika to ensure the regularity of the midday meal distribution. She also motivated the AWWs to participate in training programs for effective teaching methods. Now the members of the MCs monitor the AWCs regularly and ensure the regular distribution of the midday meals in the center.
  • Smt. Rekha Tirkee (field organizer, LGSS) initiated house-to-house contact with the parents of 40 pre-school age children and explained the importance of AWCs and the support and facilities available to their children. She highlighted the importance of preschool education. After a series of counseling interactions with the parents, the children started to come in to the center on time and began to engage in the education activities. The center provides a happy environment for the pre-school age with different educational materials, posters and charts etc.  This campaign has increased the confidence of the parents who now show more commitment to the cause of early learning for their children.