According to the 2011 Population Census of India, 70% of Indians live in rural areas. Adult literacy rate is 74.04% and out of this, around 75% are educated only up to middle school or below i.e. only 18% of adults in Rural India have reached 5th grade or above. With limited education that the parents (adults) have received, families of such children are ill-equipped to provide necessary guidance to their children’s education at home. Since majority of these parents haven’t completed their schooling, it won’t be wrong to say that their children would hence be first generation learners.
According to the 2014 ASER report, 50% of children in Standard 5 could not read text from Standard 2. Also, 75% of the children in Standard 5 could not do a simple division. The report brought to front the lack of basic foundation in Maths, Science and Language for a majority of children in schools. There could be a number of reasons for this, such as the inability of the parent to guide children at home, rote-learning practices that are prevalent in our education system, understaffed team of teachers and lack of infrastructure at the Schools. So, there is a need to holistically work on this problem.
We have also noticed that teachers in most schools don’t customize their teaching based on the learning styles of the student. Humans as we know learn in multiple ways and most of us typically have a preferred way of learning. While there are multiple theories around this (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_styles), the general acceptance and broad categories of learning are Visual learning, Auditory learning and Kinesthetic learning. If teachers adopt multiple methods of teaching, learning would be a lot more fun and effective.